These were my notes in preparation for our 1/5/2011 church meeting.

Leader:  Raymond Harris


  1. What was the purpose of the sabbath?  Note (Deut. 5:13-15)
  2. Did Jesus keep the sabbath?
  3. Why were the synagogue officials intent on killing Jesus?

Suggested scriptures to read: Matt. 12:1-14; John 5:1-18; Luke 13:10-17; Luke 14:1-6. As you meditate on these truths think about Jesus statements in Matt. 12:7; 9:13; Mark 2:27. Anything else you want to bring up and talk about in connection please do.


The Sabbath Day

GOD designated the Sabbath day (Saturday) as a day of rest.  The word occurs 155 times in the NKJV Bible.  One of the Ten Commandments of Ex. 20 is to remember the Sabbath, to keep it holy.

Remember the Sabbath day, to keep it holy. Six days you shall labor and do all your work, but the seventh day is the Sabbath of the LORD your God. In it you shall do no work: you, nor your son, nor your daughter, nor your male servant, nor your female servant, nor your cattle, nor your stranger who is within your gates. For in six days the LORD made the heavens and the earth, the sea, and all that is in them, and rested the seventh day. Therefore the LORD blessed the Sabbath day and hallowed it. (Ex. 20:8-11)

Additionally, there were Sabbath years, which occurred every 7 years.

Six years you shall sow your land and gather in its produce, but the seventh year you shall let it rest and lie fallow, that the poor of your people may eat; and what they leave, the beasts of the field may eat. In like manner you shall do with your vineyard and your olive grove. Six days you shall do your work, and on the seventh day you shall rest, that your ox and your donkey may rest, and the son of your female servant and the stranger may be refreshed. And in all that I have said to you, be circumspect and make no mention of the name of other gods, nor let it be heard from your mouth. (Ex. 23:10-13)

Not keeping the Sabbath carried a severe penalty -- death (Ex. 31:12-17).

"The OT regulations were developed and systematized to such an extent that they became a burden upon the people (who otherwise rejoiced in the rest provided) and a byword for absurd extravagance. Two treatises of the Mishna (the Shabbath and Erubin) are entirely occupied with regulations for the observance; so with the discussions in the Gemara, on rabinical opinions. The effect upon current opinion explains the antagonism roused by the Lord's cures wrought on the "Sabbath," e.g., Matt. 12:9-13; John 5:5-16, and explains the fact that on a "Sabbath" the sick were brought to be healed after sunset, e.g., Mark 1:32. According to rabbinical ideas, the disciples, by plucking ears of corn (Matt. 12:1; Mark 2:23), and rubbing them (Luke 6:1), broke the "sabbath" in two respects; for to pluck was to reap, and to rub was to thresh. The Lord's attitude towards the "sabbath" was by way of freeing it from these vexatious traditional accretions by which it was made an end in itself, instead of a means to an end (Mark 2:27)."  —Vine

Did Jesus Keep the Sabbath?

Jesus did not sin (2 Cor. 5:21).  He kept GOD's law but not the traditions of the Jewish leaders.

Why were the synagogue officials intent on killing Jesus?

They wanted to kill Jesus because of envy and because He didn't keep their traditions (John 9:16).

Author Info
Tim Harris
Author: Tim Harris
About Me
Tim Harris is a Christian writer and teacher currently living in Montgomery, Alabama. He is married to Holly and they have two children. Tim and Holly have hosted a house church since 2010. Tim started in 2010 to promote the full gospel, encourage other Christians hungry to develop a deeper relationship with GOD, and create a reusable library of spiritual content.

Are you hungry for more?

    – Get fed weekly with our encouraging and challenging emails.

    – Become a patron and download video and audio lessons, slides, Bible study discussion questions and more.

Recent posts