Parable of the Sower (Matt. 13:1-9)

Jesus sat by the Sea of Galilee

  • A huge crowd gathers so Jesus got into a boat while the people stood on the shore.
  • Jesus taught the Parable of the Sower:
    • Farmer went out to sow seed.
    • Some fell upon the path and birds ate it up.
    • Some fell upon rocky places, where it sprang up quickly, but it withered because the soil wasn't deep.
    • Some fell among thorns, which choked out the plants as they grew.
    • Some fell upon good soil, and yielded varying rates of crop -- some 100x, 60x, or 30x what was sown.

Purpose of Parables (Matt. 13:10-17)

  • Disciples asked Jesus why He taught in parables?
  • Jesus told them that the knowledge of the kingdom of heaven was given to them (His disciples) but not to the world.
  • Although the world sees the deeds and hears the words of Jesus, they do not comprehend because their hearts are closed.
  • Jesus' disciples were blessed because they got to see Him physically and understand the fulfillment of prophecy.
  • In other words, the parables of Jesus separated those who wanted to understand from those who weren't truly interested. GOD's word still works that way today!

Explanation of the Parable of the Sower (Matt. 13:18-23)

  • Jesus explained the parable to His disciples.
  • Seed sown along the path: when someone hears the message of the kingdom and doesn't understand, Satan takes the seed out of their heart.
  • Seed sown on rocky places: when someone receives the message with joy but then returns to the world.
  • Seed sown among thorns: when someone receives the word, but the worries of life and deceitfulness of wealth choke it and make it unfruitful.
  • Seed sown on good soil: when someone receives the word and keeps it.

Parable of the Weeds (Matt. 13:24-30)

  • The kingdom of heaven is like a man who sowed good seed in his field.
  • While he slept, the enemy sowed weeds among the wheat and then left.
  • The wheat and the weeds sprouted.
  • The servants asked the master why he didn't sow good seed in his field. The master told them an enemy did this.
  • The servants asked the master about uprooting the weeds, but the master didn't allow it for fear of also uprooting wheat in the process. Instead, both were allowed to grow until the harvest.
  • At the harvest, the weeds are collected and burned in fire, and the wheat is brought to the master's barn.

Explanation of the Parable of the Weeds (Matt. 13:36-43)

  • Jesus left the crowds and went into a house. There, the disciples asked for Him to explain the parable of the weeds.
  • Jesus is the one who sowed good seed.
  • The field is the world.
  • The good seed is those sons of the kingdom.
  • The weeds are the sons of Satan, who sowed the bad seed.
  • The harvest is the end of the age, and the harvesters are the angels.
  • Jesus will send out His angels and they will weed out all who cause sin and do evil and throw them into the fiery furnace, where there is weeping and gnashing of teeth.
  • Afterward the righteous will shine like the sun in the kingdom of GOD.

Parable of the Lighted Lamp (Mark 4:21-25)

  • Jesus pointed out that people don't light a lamp and hide it under something; rather, they put it on a stand so it illuminates.
  • Those things which are hidden will be revealed and not kept secret.
  • Take heed how you hear. With whatever measure you use, the same will be measured back to you.
  • To those who have, more will be given, but to those who don't have, even what they have will be taken away.
  1. What is the meaning of this parable?
  2. Explain Jesus' statements in v. 22-25.

Parable of the Growing Seed (Mark 4:26-29)

  • The kingdom of GOD is like this: a man scatters seed on the ground, day and night, whether he sleeps or not, and the seed sprouts and grows and the man doesn't know how.
  • The soil produces grain, beginning with the stalk, then the head, then the kernel.
  • When the grain is ripe, the man puts a sickle to it because harvest has come.
  1. Explain this parable.

Parable of the Mustard Seed (Matt. 13:31-32)

  • The kingdom of heaven is like a mustard seed. It's the smallest of seeds but grows into the largest garden plant and eventually a tree, and birds perch on its branches.

Parable of the Yeast (Matt. 13:31)

  • The kingdom of heaven is like yeast that a woman mixed into a large amount of flour until it worked through all the dough.

Parable of Hidden Treasure (Matt. 13:44)

  • The kingdom of heaven is like treasure hidden in a field.
  • When a man found it, he hid it again, and went and sold all he had to buy that field.

Parable of Valuable Pearl (Matt. 13:45-46)

  • The kingdom of heaven is like a merchant looking for fine pearls.
  • When he found one of great value he sold everything he had and bought it.

Parable of the Net (Matt. 13:47-50)

  • The kingdom of heaven is like a net lowered into the lake and caught all kinds of fish.
  • When it was full, the fishermen pulled it to shore, collected the good fish and threw the bad ones away. This is how it will be at the end of the age.
  • Angels will come and separate the wicked from the righteous and throw the wicked into the fiery furnace, where there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth.

Parable of Treasures (Matt. 13:51-52)

  • Every teacher of the law who has been taught about the kingdom of heaven is like the owner of a house who brings out of his storeroom new treasures as well as old.

Parables Fulfill Prophecy About Jesus (Mark 4:33-34; Matt. 13:34-35)

  • Jesus taught many other parables, as many as they could understand. He did not say anything to them without a parable.
  • When He was alone with His disciples, He explained everything.
  • Jesus fulfilled the prophecy of Psalm 78:2.
Tim Harris
Author: Tim Harris

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