Notes and discussion questions from Period 20 of the Life of Jesus: Ministry from Galilee to Judea.

Apparently, following the Feast of Tabernacles, Jesus traveled again to Galilee for one final time before His death.

Jesus travels from Samaria to Judea

Galilean Ministry Ends (Matt. 19:1-2; Mark 10:1; Luke 9:51-56) 

  • As Jesus' time to die approached, He "resolutely set out" for Jerusalem. On the way, He passed through Samaria one more time.
  • Jesus sent messengers ahead to the Samaritan village to "get things ready for him". However, the people did not welcome Jesus, because He was headed for Jerusalem.
  • Seeing this rejection, James and John asked Jesus if He wanted them to call down fire from heaven to destroy these people. Jesus rebuked them.
  • Note that only "some manustripts" include the statement, "You do not know what kind of spirit you are of, for the Son of Man did not come to destroy men's lives, but to save them."
  • Jesus then left for another village.
  1. Why might the Samaritans have rejected Jesus simply because He was headed to Jerusalem?

Ten Lepers Healed (Luke 17:11-19)

  • On His way to Jerusalem, Jesus traveled the border between Samaria and Galilee.
  • As He entered a village, ten men having some form of skin disease (translated leprosy, though the original Greek word doesn't mean the specific leprosy disease). They called for Jesus, obviously recognizing Him, and asked for mercy. Jesus told them to go show themselves to the priest and, as they obeyed, they were cleansed.
  • One of them returned to Jesus to thank Him, once he realized he'd been healed. He "threw himself" at Jesus' feet and thanked Him. This man was a Samaritan.
  • Jesus asked the one who came back, "Were there not ten cleansed? Where are the other nine? Was no one found to return and give praise to God except this foreigner?"
  • Then Jesus told the man to go on his way because his faith had made him well.
  1. What can we learn about the role of faith and obedience based upon what happened to the lepers?

Seventy (or Seventy-two) Sent Out (Matt. 11:20-24; Luke 10:1-16)

  • Jesus sent 72 (some manuscripts say 70) disciples in pairs to "every town and place" where He was going. He told them that the harvest is plentiful, but there are few workers. He told them to pray to the Lord of the harvest to send out workers in the field.
  • Jesus told them to:
    • Go as lambs among wolves.
    • Not take purse, bag or sandals.
    • Not greet anyone along the road.
    • Say, "Peace to this house." upon entering. If a man of peace was there, the pair's peace would rest upon that man, but if not, their peace would return to them.
    • Stay in the house and eat or drink what they were offered.
    • Not move around from house to house.
    • Eat what is set before you.
    • Heal the sick.
    • Tell the people that the kingdom of GOD is near.
    • Tell those who did not welcome them, "Even the dust of your town that sticks to our feet we wipe off against you. Yet be sure of this: The kingdom of God is near." Jesus said it would be more bearable on Judgment Day for Sodom than for those of that town.
  • Jesus then pronounced woe upon the towns of Korazin and Bethsaida, because they refused to repent. He repeated that it would be more bearable for Sodom than for those in that town on Judgment Day.
  • Jesus said that Capernaum, likewise, would go down to Hades.
  • Jesus said that the one who listened to these 72, listened to Him, and the one who rejected them, rejected Him, and thus the Father who sent Him.
  • These 72 returned being joyful, telling Jesus that even the demons submitted to them in His name.
  • Jesus replied that He saw Satan fall like lightning from heaven, that He had given them authority to trample on snakes, scorpions and overcome all power of the enemy without being harmed. He told them not to rejoice because the spirits submitted to them, but rather that their names are written in heaven.
  1. Why do you think Jesus sent these disciples in pairs?
  2. What value is derived by being in pairs?
  3. What does it mean that the disciples' peace would rest upon that house?
  4. What does the phrase, "the worker deserves his wages" mean in this context?
  5. What do you believe Jesus meant when He said, "I saw Satan fall like lightning from heaven."?

Thanks Given For Revelation (Matt. 11:25-27; Luke 10:21-24)

  • At that time, Jesus "full of joy through the Holy Spirit", praised GOD for hiding these truths from the wise and learned and revealing them to little children. He said this was done for the Father's good pleasure.
  • Jesus said that all things had been committed to Him by the Father. No one knows the Son but the Father, and no one knows the Father but the Son and those to whom the Son reveals Him.
  • Jesus then privately said to His disciples that the eyes who saw what they saw are blessed, because many prophets and kings wanted to see these things but didn't, and hear what they heard and didn't.
  1. How does the Son reveal the Father?
  2. How does the Son reveal the Father to just whom He chooses?
  3. Does this "choice" by the Son mean not every person can be saved (i.e. know the Father)?

Rest For The Weary (Matt. 11:28-30)

  • Jesus then stated His familiar promise:

    28 “Come to me, all you who are weary and burdened, and I will give you rest. 29 Take my yoke upon you and learn from me, for I am gentle and humble in heart, and you will find rest for your souls. 30 For my yoke is easy and my burden is light.”
    (Matt. 11:28-30 NIV)

Jesus may have been in Jericho at this time

Parable Of Good Samaritan (Luke 10:25-37)

  • On one occasion, perhaps in Jericho at the time, Jesus was asked by an expert in the Law of Moses what he must do to inherit eternal life.
  • Jesus replied asking what was in the Law and how this man read it.
  • The man replied to Love GOD with all your heart, soul, strength and mind, and to love your neighbor as yourself.
  • Jesus told him he was correct and that if he did those two things, he'd live.
  • Then the man, "wanting to justify himself", asked Jesus who his neighbor was.
  • Jesus told the parable of the good Samaritan.
    • A man was going from Jerusalem to Jericho and was robbed and beaten, stripped of his clothes and basically left for dead.
    • A priest passed by, saw him, and kept going on the other side of the road.
    • A Levite did the same thing.
    • A Samaritan, however, saw him and had pity. He bandaged his wounds, took him to an innkeeper and paid them to care for him until he returned.
  • Then Jesus asked which of these three was neighbor to the man.
  • The man replied that the one who had mercy on him.
  • Jesus told him to go imitate his example.

Jesus traveled to a town that may have been Bethany

With Mary And Martha (Luke 10:38-42)

  • Jesus and His disciples came to the village where Martha and Mary, her sister, lived.
  • Mary sat at Jesus' feet listening to Him.
  • Martha, being distracted by the preparations, asked Jesus to tell Mary to help her. Jesus replied that Mary had chosen the best thing to do and it wouldn't be taken from her.
  1. What lessons should we learn from this situation?
  2. Who do you relate with more in this account, Martha, Mary (or neither), and why?

Teaching How To Pray (Luke 11:1-4)

  • One day Jesus' disciples asked Him to teach them how to pray as John the Baptist had taught his disciples.
  • Jesus prayed, focusing on:
    • Acknowledging GOD as Father.
    • Honoring His name.
    • Requesting food for this day.
    • Asking for forgiveness just as we forgive those who sin against us.
    • Asking to be lead away from temptation.

Parable Of Persistence (Luke 11:5-8)

  • Jesus then told them a parable demonstrating the importance of persistence in prayer.
    • You go to your friend at midnight and ask for three loaves of bread.
    • The friend says no initially because they're all in bed.
    • The friend won't comply with your request because you're friends, but because you are persistent, he'll give you as much as you need.
  1. What is the application to us today?

Praying With Faith (Luke 11:9-13)

  • Ask and you'll receive.
  • Seek and you'll find.
  • Knock and the door will be opened for you.
  • Even (evil) earthly fathers don't give illogical or inappropriate gifts to their kids, and neither will GOD. In fact, He'll give the Holy Spirit to those who ask Him.

Jesus is in Jerusalem

Jesus Affirms Own Deity (John 10:22-30)

  • Jesus was in Jerusalem in December (winter) for the Feast of Dedications (Hanukkah).
  • As Jesus walked in the temple area, the Jews asked Him to tell them plainly if He is the Christ.
  • Jesus affirmed, stating that He had told them already and they refused to believe because they weren't His sheep. He said the miracles He had done testified of Him.
  • Jesus said His sheep listen to His voice, He knows them, and they follow Him. He gives eternal life to His sheep and they won't perish, nor can anyone snatch them from His hand. The Father had given these sheep to Jesus and no one could snatch them from the Father's hand. Jesus said He and the Father are one.

Attempt To Stone Jesus (John 10:31-39)

  • The Jews picked up stones to kill Jesus, because He equated Himself with GOD.
  • Jesus argued further with them, asking them to believe the miracles as proof that He is the Son of GOD.
  • They refused to listened, attempting to seize Jesus, but He escaped.

Jesus travels to Perea

To Perea (John 10:40-42)

  • Jesus went back east of the Jordan River where John had been baptizing in the early days. Many people came to Jesus there.
  • The people said that even though John never performed a miracle, everything he said about Jesus was true.
  • Many believed in Jesus there.
Tim Harris
Author: Tim Harris

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